Spatial Distribution of Macrozoobenthos as Bioindicators of Organic Material Pollution in the Citanduy River, Cisayong, Tasikmalaya Region, West Java, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Dimas Sulaeman
Isni Nurruhwati
Zahidah Hasan
Herman Hamdani

Abstract

The Cisayong area of ​​Tasikmalaya Regency is an area that is passed by the Citanduy River. Citanduy River has received a variety of inputs, that affect the river water quality and cause pollution. Macrozoobenthos can be used as an indicator of water pollution. This research aims to determine the spatial distribution of the macrozoobenthic community as a bioindicator of organic matter pollution in the Citanduy River, Cisayong Tasikmalaya Region, West Java. This research was conducted on January 2 - March 3, 2020. The research method used a field survey method. The data collection technique used purposive sampling by determining 4 stations based on environmental factors and land use around the river flow. The results of the macrozoobenthic spatial distribution along the Citanduy River were different at each observation location. At station 1 several intolerant species Heptagenia sp., Leptophelbia sp., and Hydropsyche sp. Were found, station 2 found several facultative species Melanoides tuberculata, Lymnea sp., Tarebia granifera, Sulcosfira testudinaria, Filopaludina javanica, and Pomacea canalicuta, station 3 found several tolerant species Chironomus sp., and Tubifex sp., station 4 were found several species of facultative and tolerant macrozoobenthos Melanoides tuberculata, Lymnea sp., Tarebia granifera, Sulcosfira testudinaria, Filopaludina javanica, Pomacea canalicuta, and Tubifex sp. The abundance of macrozoobenthos in the Citanduy River ranges from 1460-2540 ind/m2. Diversity index ranges from 1.53 to 1.79. The uniformity index ranges from 0.45 to 0.53. Species deficits at each station are different. The Morisita index ranges from 0.48 to 1.12 representing uniform categories and groups.

Keywords:
Citanduy, indicators, macrozoobenthos, spatial distribution, pollution.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sulaeman, D., Nurruhwati, I., Hasan, Z., & Hamdani, H. (2020). Spatial Distribution of Macrozoobenthos as Bioindicators of Organic Material Pollution in the Citanduy River, Cisayong, Tasikmalaya Region, West Java, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 9(1), 32-42. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i130152
Section
Original Research Article

References

Soewandita H, Sudiana N. Application of Sediment Trap Bioengineering Technology in Upper Citanduy Sub-Basin. 2009:54–62.

Matahelumual CB. Study of River Water Quality as a Source of Raw Water for PDAMs (Citarum River and Cikapundung River). Geological Bulletin of Environmental Management. 2010;20(1):1- 12.

Sharma R, Kumar A, Vyas V. Diversity of Macrozoobenthos in Morand River- A Tributary of Ganjal River in Narmada Basin. Advanced Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 2013:1(1):57–65.

Rijaluddin AF, Wijayanti F, Haryadi J. Macrozoobenthos Community Structure in Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur and Situ Kuru, East Ciputat Community Structure of Macrozoobenthos at Situ Gintung, Situ Bungur and Situ Kuru, Ciputat Timur. 2017:18(2):139–147.

Gazali A, Suheriyanto D, Romaidi. Diversity of Macrozoobenthos as Bioindicator of Water Quality of Ranu Pani-Ranu Regulo in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. 2014:86–91.

Barus TA. Introduction to Limnology Studies on Mainland Water Ecosystems. USU Press. Field; 2004.

Pradana MSF, Hasan Z, Nurruhwati I, Herawati H. Strankton community structure in Cekdam Padjadjaran University Campus. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 2019;10(2):1-8.

Effendi, H. Study of water quality for water resources and environmental management. Kanisius. Yogyakarta; 2003.

Simatupang LLO, Harsokardhinata E, Hanifahmutia ZNA. Diversity of Macrozoobenthic Species in Muara Sunagi Nipah, Perbaungan District, Serdang Berdagai District, North Sumatra. BioLink. 2017:4(1):69–81.

Mushthofa A, Muskananfola MR, Rudiyanti S. Analysis of the Structure of the Macrozoobenthos Community as a Bioindicator of Water Quality in the W Gedung River in Demak Regency. Dipenogoro Journal Of Maquares Management of Aquatic Resource. 2014:3(1):81–88.

Suminar HS, Hasan Z, Hamdani H, Sahidin A. Spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos community in Cilalawi River, Purwakarta Regency, West Java. Spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos community in the Cilalawi River Purwakarta, West Java. Data analysis From empirical data and data obtained from. Journal of Aquatic, Coastal and Fisheries Sciences. 2020:9(2):164–172. Available:https://doi.org/10.13170/depik.9.2.14676

Sastrawijaya AT. Environmental Pollution (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2000.

Kasmini L. Identification of Macrozoobenthic Populations in the Mangrove Ecosystem of Ladong Aceh Besar Village. 2014:5(1):47–56.

Mar'i H, Izmiarti I, Nofrita N. The Macrozoobenthic Community in the Gua Pintu Ngalau River in the Karst Area in West Sumatra. Journal of Biology Unand. 2018:5(1):41-49. Available:https://doi.org/10.25077/jbioua.5.1.41-49.2017

Siahaan R. Macrozoobenthos diversity as indicator of water quality in Cisadane River, West Java - Banten (Macrozoobenthos diversity as indicator of water quality of Cisadane River). Journal of Bios Logos. 2012:1(1):1–9. Available:https://doi.org/10.35799/jbl.2.1.2012.374

Afif J, Ngabekti S, Pribadi TA. Macrozoobenthic Diversity as an Indicator of Water Quality in the Mangrove Ecosystem in the Tugurejo Urban Village, Semarang City. Unnes Journal of Life Science. 2014:3(1):47–52.

Mustika K, Tengku SR, Andi ZS. Gastropod Distribution Pattern in the Mangrove Ecosystem of Tanjung Ayun Sakti Village, Bukit Bestari District, Tanjungpinang City. Faculty of Marine and Fisheries. UMRAH; 2013.